How to understand Shalom

What did the actions of Pinchas represent?

Steven Genack

Judaism Spear and Peace
Spear and Peace

Reb Chaim Kanievsky points out that if we judged Pinchas' act in the mandatory realm then no reward would be due, as he would merely be fulfilling his duty. But he engaged in an optional endeavor and therefore received a special reward. 

I would like to add to what Reb Chaim Shlita is saying by analyzing Pinchas' name. The question is asked why there's a small yud by the name of Pinchas. I believe the answer is that the Torah is coming to emphasize to look at the acronym of Pinchas' name, pen chas, maybe he will have pity. We know in Judaism that names create destiny.

According to the opinion in the gemara that Pinchas was a "counted" descendant of Ahoron HaKohen then his inherent nature would have been to have pity and not engage in the aggressive act, yet he masterfully overcame it. Even according to the opinion that he was not a Kohen before the act he still overcame human nature which would dictate to remain on the sidelines and not take such a bold act. Incredibly, Pinchas rose to overcome a destiny wrought in a "perhaps" category. 

Pinchas got a bris shalom. How can that be explained? My great-great grandfather, Rabbi Levine zt"l, explains the midrash that says that the shalom in birchat kohanim, refers to Torah. He said that Torah has the ability to bring shalom between the guf and neshama. Therefore, Pinchas got the bris of Torah in all of its glory (naturally, as he carried out the instructions of Moshe) as we know Shevat Levi were also the teachers of klal Yisroel, and now it was cemented for eternity. The vav is bent to show that Torah gives us the ability to bend for our fellow man. 

Indeed, Talmedei Chachamim are marbin shalom in the world because they have achieved balance and harmony with the Torah and can therefore bring harmony and solve conflicts and problems for individuals as well as for the klal.