The Western world has traditionally strongly supported the process of democratization in the Middle East. However, Amos Gilad , former head of Israel's Political-Military Bureau, believes such support can be dangerous.

In the Middle East, democracy can bring into power dictatorships “that will make this area look like hell,” Gilad warned at the Herzliya Conference. In some countries democracy should be encouraged, in others, it would be dangerous, he said, bringing examples from across the region.