Israel’s current population of 9.2 million is expected to grow to 16 million by the year 2050. Of those 16 million, about a quarter are projected by Israel’s National Economic Council to be Orthodox, according to Haaretz.
The new population figures projected by the Council point to a future in which Israel’s Jewish population continues to make up about 80% of its population but in which that Jewish population skews far more heavily Orthodox than ever before. Currently, Israel’s Orthodox population makes up 12.6% of the population. By 2050, that figure will rise to 24% of the total population and nearly one third of the country’s Jewish population.
Most of that growth will result from the Orthodox community’s birth rate, which at 6.7 children per woman is far higher than the rate of 3.01 among the population as a whole. Across all sectors of the population, Israelis ages 19 and younger will make up over a third of the population.
Most of Israel’s Orthodox Jews are expected to remain concentrated in Jerusalem and its surrounding area as well as in the city of Beit Shemesh. The Orthodox population is also projected to grow in the southern region, where a new Orthodox city is being planned, as well as to a smaller degree in the north.
Among the population as a whole, Tel Aviv and its surrounding cities and suburbs will continue to be the most highly populated area of the country. That area will also see a major increase in the number of elderly people, with the number of people over the age of 65 approximately doubling.
The country’s population growth across all sectors is projected to place greater demands on the country’s housing stock, already considered to be insufficient for the current population’s needs, as well as transportation systems and education system.