Israelis are having more children on average, defying global trends that have seen fertility rates plummet across the industrialized world.
According to a report by Israel’s Central Bureau of Statistics on Tuesday, 181,405 babies were born in the Jewish state during 2016 – a 92% increase since 1980.
Of those 181,405 children born, 73.9% were born to Jewish women, compared to 23.2% born to Arab women.
The report also shows that Israel’s Total Fertility Rate – the average number of children women in the country have total – continues to rise, and is now the highest among the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development’s (OECD) 35 member states.
While the OECD average is just 1.70 children per woman – well below the minimum replacement rate – Israel’s rose to 3.11 from 3.10 in 2015.
Like most industrialized nations, Israel’s fertility rate declined significantly from the mid-20th century through the early 2000s, dropping from an average of 4.00 in 1970 to 2.80 in 2005.
Since 2006, however, Israel’s total fertility rate has been on the rise, and now tops Saudi Arabia, which previously held the top position, which averaged 7.30 children per woman as late as 1979, but has since fallen to 2.70.
The US, by comparison, averaged 1.80 in 2015 – slightly above the OECD average, but still below the replacement rate.
Israel’s fertility rate is now at its highest level since 1983, when it hit 3.20.
The increase in Israel’s Total Fertility Rate comes despite declines among most non-Jewish demographic groups in Israel.
Among Israeli Jewish women, the TFR reached 3.16, surpassing for the first time in Israel’s history the Arab fertility rate, which fell to 3.11.
Broken down by religion, however, the Muslim TFR remains slightly higher than the Jewish fertility rate at 3.29 – but has declined significantly in recent years. In 1980, the Muslim TFR in Israel was 6.00, but fell to just over 4 by 2005.
The biggest drop, however, has been among members of Israel’s Druze community, which had a TFR of 6.10 in 1980, compared to 2.15 in 2016.
With a total population of close to nine million today, including more than 6.5 million Jews, Israel’s population is expected to reach 20 million by 2065.