The growing divide between Orthodox and Non-Orthodox in America

Non-Orthodox Jews in America have been in denial for too long, the Orthodox can save the other denominations if given opportunity. Opinion.

Joseph Frager, MD ,

Judaism
Judaism
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The victory by the the Orthodox and right-wing pro-Israel groups in the recent 38th World Zionist Congress election says volumes about the state of the Jewish people in America.

The divide between the Orthodox and the other denominations has grown.

The contrast is even more stark when looking at the support of President Trump. Over 80% of the Orthodox voted for him in 2016 and I believe that number will go up in the 2020 election.

The Orthodox and right-wing bloc received 62,000 votes in the WZO election (Orthodox Israel Coalition 21,698 votes, Eretz HaKodesh 20,023 votes, ZOA 10,313 votes, American Forum for Israel-Lieberman’s party 8,132 votes, Shas Olami 2,046 votes).

The Reform, Conservative, and left-wing groups received 54,098 votes (Reform Movement 31,500 votes, Merkaz-Conservative 14,666 votes, Hatikvah-J Street 7,932 votes). In 2015 the Reform ticket alone got 38% of the vote. This time they got only 25% of the vote. Similarly, the Conservatives got 17% of the vote in 2015 but only 10% this time.

This election sent shock waves through the Non-Orthodox camp.

One of the first moves by the Jewish Left was to rapidly nominate Dianne Lob to become chairperson-elect of the Conference of Presidents. She had been the Chairperson from 2016-2019 of the HIAS organization.

I believe this action was a direct outgrowth of the expanding influence and power of the Orthodox. This was push back from the non-Orthodox.

The Pew Research study of 2013 gave a very sobering set of statistics regarding American Jewry. The best part of the analysis was that the majority of American Jews are proud to be Jewish and had a strong sense of belonging to the Jewish People. It was downhill from there.

Overall, 22% of American Jews said they had “no religion”. If one looked just at the millennials (those born after 1980) it was worse. 32% of millennials said they had “no religion” and 79% of those said they had a non-Jewish spouse. Looking at the whole group in the Pew Study, the intermarriage rate between 2000-2013 was an unbelievable 58%. In contrast the intermarriage rate prior to 1970 was 17%. This is the real problem facing all of American Jewry. Although the Orthodox are not immune from this problem, the majority of the intermarriage is occurring in the Non-Orthodox denominations. The birth rate for the Orthodox in America is also much higher than for the other denominations. An update by Feldman and Adkins in 2018 to the Pew study predicted that Orthodox Jews in America will outnumber the other denominations by the end of the 21st century. I believe it will occur much sooner and in many respects already has. The WZO election was a case in point.

Overall, only 43% of American Jews have visited Israel. This is pathetic. The majority of Orthodox Jews have visited Israel in contrast. The Pew study of 2013 did make some other interesting observations. 70% of American Jews participated in a Passover Seder. 53% of American Jews fasted on Yom Kippur.

What the Reform and Conservative Jews must do is rediscover Judaism. Instead of attacking the Orthodox they should learn from the Orthodox.

By taking on the Orthodox they are doing the opposite. The future is clear, the Orthodox will survive. Unless, the Non-Orthodox look carefully at the numbers and change dramatically, their future is bleak. The Non-Orthodox Jews in America have been in denial for much too long. The Orthodox can save the other denominations if given the opportunity. Unfortunately, the divide has grown. I for one, am here to help bring the non-Orthodox denominations back from the brink. They have to want to humble themselves in the face of overwhelming odds. I sincerely hope they do.



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