Hasmonean building
Hasmonean buildingAssaf Peretz, Courtesy IAA

In recent months, the remains of an impressive building from the Hasmonean period – specifically, the second century BCE – are being unearthed in excavations in Jerusalem. The dig is being carried out by the Israel Antiquities Authority in the Givati parking lot, located in the City of David, in the Walls Around Jerusalem National Park.

The building stands about 4 meters high and covers an area of about 64 square meters. The building’s broad walls, more than one meter thick, are made of roughly hewn limestone blocks that were arranged as headers and stretchers, a construction method characteristic of the Hasmonean period.

Although numerous pottery vessels were discovered inside the building, it was mainly the coins that surprised the researchers. These indicated the structure was erected in the early second century BCE and continued into the Hasmonean period, during which time significant changes were made inside it.

According to Dr. Doron Ben Ami and Yana Tchekhanovets, the excavation directors on behalf to the Israel Antiquities Authority, "The importance of this discovery is primarily because of the conspicuous paucity of buildings from the Hasmonean city of Jerusalem in archaeological research, despite the many excavations that have been conducted to date.

"Apart from several remains of the city’s fortifications that were discovered in different parts of Jerusalem, as well as pottery and other small finds, none of the Hasmonean city’s buildings have been uncovered so far, and this discovery bridges a certain gap in Jerusalem’s settlement sequence. The Hasmonean city, which is well-known to us from the historical descriptions that appear in the works of Josephus, has suddenly acquired tangible expression".

The excavations are sponsored by the "Friends of City of David."