Morsi Cancels Sweeping Powers After Protests
Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi on Saturday backed down in a dire political crisis marked by weeks of street protests, after the army gave an ultimatum to him and the opposition to sit down for talks.
AFP reported that Morsi annulled a controversial decree issued last month that put all his decisions beyond judicial review, a decision denounced as a dictatorial "power grab" by the opposition.
"The constitutional decree is annulled from this moment," Selim al-Awa, an Islamist politician acting as spokesman of a meeting Morsi held earlier with other political leaders, told a Cairo news conference in the presence of Morsi aides, according to AFP.
Awa said that an equally contentious referendum on a new constitution would go ahead as planned on December 15 because of the legal impossibility for the president to postpone it.
But he added that, if the draft constitution were rejected, a new one would be drawn up by officials elected by the people, rather than ones chosen by parliament as for the current text.
The two issues -- the decree and the referendum -- were at the heart of the anti-Morsi protests that turned violent this week with clashes on Wednesday that killed seven people and wounded hundreds.
The opposition refused Morsi's offer for dialogue as long as those two decisions stood.
On Saturday, however, the country’s military in its first statement since the crisis began, told both sides to talk, warning that otherwise Egypt would descend "into a dark tunnel with disastrous results -- and that is something we will not allow."
It underlined that it "stands always with the great Egyptian people and insists on its unity," but also said it was its duty to protect state institutions.
It urged a solution based on "democratic rules."
Morsi's concession on the decree appeared to open the way for the talks to happen. But it remained to be seen if the opposition would remain intransigent over the referendum.
On Saturday there were none of the large-scale demonstrations that had taken place on previous nights. On Friday, some protesters removed the barbed wire and barriers leading to the presidential palace in Cairo and nearly broke in.
In Cairo's Tahrir Square, a focal point for hardcore protesters, news of the annulled decree sparked no festivities or exuberance, reported AFP.
In recent days, since the deadly clashes, the mass protests had taken to demanding Morsi step down, in scenes reminiscent of those during the early 2011 uprising that toppled former president Hosni Mubarak from power.
The main opposition bloc, the National Salvation Front, has said it is ready for "serious and objective dialogue" as soon as Morsi met its demands to scrap the decree and drop the referendum.
It had rebuffed an earlier offer by Morsi on Thursday to open talks because the president did not give way on those two points.