The 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld New York's Kosher Law Protection Act, passed in 2004, ruling that it does not interfere with religion in any way and exists solely for preventing fraud, Reuters reported.
"The labeling law has the secular purpose of protecting against fraud by informing a consumer that a particular seller believes a product is kosher," the decision released Thursday said, affirming Brooklyn federal court judge Nina Gershon's 2011 opinion.
Thursday's case was the second attempt by Commack Kosher, a deli and butcher shop in Commack, New York, to convince the Circuit that New York's kosher law improperly interferes with freedom of religion.
The appeals court had allowed the shop's 1996 lawsuit, saying the law wrongly stepped into religious matters by defining the term "kosher." The legislature then passed a revised law in 2004.
On Thursday, however, the appeals court rejected Commack's attempt. Unlike its earlier version, the 2004 Kosher Act "did not define kosher or authorize state inspectors to determine the kosher nature of the products," wrote Judge Christopher Droney.
He was joined by Judges John Walker and Gerald Lynch.
The court drew a parallel with a St. Patrick's Day parade, which it identified as a secular activity with religious roots. The decision maintained that many people buy Kosher food for non-religious reasons, quoting an argument by the State, and they must be protected from fraud.
In its 2008 lawsuit, Commack alleged the kosher law was biased in favor of a strictly Orthodox Jewish definition of kosher food, and thus violated the Establishment Clause.
The appeals court, however, noted that the law is aimed at protecting more than just Jews, who represent only about 30 percent of kosher-food consumers, according to New York State.
The 2004 law allows food sellers and producers to decide for themselves what kosher practices to follow. It also requires the person who certifies a product as kosher to register with the Agriculture Department. Vendors must keep records of their purchases of kosher meat and poultry, and signs must be posted if both kosher and non-kosher foods are sold in the same store, Reuters reported.
Under the law, inspectors must also verify that vendors post a "kosher certification form," informing customers of their kosher practices.