Juma'a Bin-Ibrahim Azzam, a resident of Gaza, confessed his guilt. In 2002, he joined the jihadist Hamas organization, and the following year he conspired with two other terrorists to fire rockets on Jewish towns in southern Israel. Their intention was explicitly to cause the deaths of as many Israelis as possible. The three-man PA cell loaded a Kassam rocket onto Azzam's car in a Gaza field, drove to an area known as Zimou Street and fired the missile towards Sderot.
In 2006, according to Azzam's confession, he and his two co-conspirators planned to move from Gaza to the Palestinian Authority-controlled areas of Judea and Samaria. They were intending to rent a flat in one of the PA cities for use as a terrorist safe-house or as a concealed cell for a kidnapped Israeli soldier. During the same year, Azzam trained another terrorist in the use of grenades and firearms for use in attacks on Jews in Judea and Samaria.
Two members of Azzam's cell were given $7,000, firearms, grenades and a codebook, and they were smuggled, by way of a tunnel in a Rafiah house, into the Egyptian Sinai, where they met a contact named Isma'il. Their contact explained that they would be met by yet another conspirator on the Israeli side of the border. After some time spent in Egypt, Azzam and a fellow cell member infiltrated Israel from Egypt with the help of their Egyptian guides. After only one and a half hours in Israeli territory, the pair were captured by Israeli security forces.
For his part in the rocket attack and the additional crimes, Azzam was charged with conspiracy to commit murder, attempted murder, border and weapons violations, as well as membership in a terrorist organization.