The Supreme Court has issued a conditional order instructing the State to explain why it has not ceased transferring funds to state approved yeshivas following the cancelation of the Tal Law.
The Supreme Court this year struck down the Tal Law which allowed full time yeshiva students to defer army service, which is mandatory for all males. Yuval Roitman of the State Attorney's Office stated in response, "as long as there is no obligation to recruit an individual, he could in the meantime sit and learn."
Not all yeshiva students defer army service. Units such as the Nachal Hariedi and the Hesder system are geared toward Torah observant soldiers.
Not all yeshivas in Israel receive partial state funding. Besides yeshiva students, others who can apply for exemptions from army service include certain full-time musicians, athletes, film actors, models and the disabled. Many women and some men can also opt for national service, or sherut leumi, which involves volunteer work in a civilian capacity.