President Shimon Peres appealed to the Iranian people stating, "We were not born enemies and do not need to live as enemies. The Iranian people know that there will not be alone if they choose freedom and peace. Do not let hostility overshadow your historical heritage." Peres make the comments during a special Knesset session marking 63 years of the Israeli parliament's establishment.
The Iranian government has repeatedly threatened Israel. Many assume that Iran's nuclear ambitions include the building of nuclear weapons. Prior to the Muslim conquest, the country as called Peria. The United States Library of Congress estimates the ethnic population breakdown of the country as follows: Persians (65%), Azerbaijanis (16%), Kurds (7%), Lurs (6%), Arabs (2%), Baluchi (2%), Turkmens (1%),