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Op-Ed: Nuclear Deal Violates UN Security Council Resolutions

UN Security Council resolutions ordered the Islamic Republic to abandon all enrichment and reprocessing activities.
Published: Saturday, November 30, 2013 7:11 PM



The betrayal by an egotistical commander-in-chief in cahoots with the ayatollahs waging a campaign for the weapons of mass distruction against Israel is a deeply unsettling, mindboggling. irreparable mistake.
At the time when the Islamic republic is showing signs of economic implosion due to crippling sanctions, the premature lifting of sanctions in exchange for baseless promises of goodwill has emboldened Iran to preserve its primary goal: the "right" to continue enriching uranium.

As it turned out, the "interim" agreement that came out of negotiations in Geneva was a done deal: accommodation masquerading as accompllshment.

The deal is an embarrassing diplomatic fiasco, for it "provides international support and de facto recognition of Iran" as a nuclear-weapons capable state.

Post-Geneva, the world powers  have lost credibility and have squandered a "golden opportunity to demand major concessions" that could have led to a comprehensive solution to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons.

US Secretary of State John Kerry's seriously flawed assurances that Israel is "safer" after interim deal for Iran was a vague distortion of reality.

The Geneva agreement  has made the world a more "dangerous place" when it allows Iran to continue enriching uranium and does not prohibit construction at the plutonium producing Arak reactor.

The deal stipulates that "Iran will be forced to dilute about half of its uranium below the 20% enrichment rate, leaving the second half intact. The agreement also allows Iran to continue enriching the un-enriched uranium left in their possession - about 8 tons - to the low rate of 3.5% enrichment". Israeli experts claim that those enrichment rates are still enough to produce 5 nuclear warheads.

Unless the Obama administration 's ambiguous shift on US declared policy on Iran changes course, it marks the beginning of a new nuclear arms race in a "dangerous" and volatile region where Sunni-Shiite divide runs deep.

From a strategic perspective, any permanent accord that falls short of dismantlement of  Iran's military nuclear program "presents a grave threat to the national security of the United States and its allies".

The Iranian president's gloating over the "broken" sanctions regime that "has left Israel diplomatically isolated" is delusory and pernicious.

To compound the problem further, the denigrating and insulting remarks about Israeli officials by Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei in which Israel is referred to as a "rabid dog" that is "doomed to failure and annihilation" should be utterly unacceptable to the US.

Inevitably, the cracks between the world powers will begin to unravel the true face of Iran. The Iranians may have successfully isolated the US from Europe, but Israel has a final say regarding the Iranian endgame.

Iran's insistence on maintaining the plutonium producing Arak heavy water reactor,  development of ballistic missiles for use as delivery vehicles and the "right" to enrich uranium "reflects an effort to position itself to quickly build and deploy a nuclear weapons arsenal".  

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu "wants an end to all uranium enrichment in Iran, the removal of all uranium stockpiles from the country, the dismantling of the Iranians' most sophisticated enrichment technology and the halting of plutonium enrichment".

Fifteen countries have nuclear plants that do not enrich uranium. So, if Iran want a commercial, peaceful nuclear power plant  the international community should control the fuel cycle.

Certainly, Israelis will not bet their security on UN inspectors verification safeguards and they cannot entrust their security from the US or anyone, either.

Speculation aside, the "secret" bilateral backchannel to Tehran led by Obama's Iranian-born senior advisor Valerie Jarrett has already recognized Iran as becoming a nuclear power.

The betrayal by an egotistical commander-in-chief in cahoots with the ayatollahs waging a campaign for the weapons of mass distruction against Israel is a deeply unsettling, mindboggling. irreparable mistake.

Given the Iranians well-documented history of concealment and to fabricate information about their nuclear facilities, the IAEA has been unable to confirm Tehran's assertions that its nuclear program will be exclusively peaceful.

The UN Security Council has adopted six resolutions requiring Iran to stop enriching uranium, which can be used for civilian purposes but also to build nuclear bombs. Despite this, Iran continues to enrich uranium, saying it is simply doing what it is allowed to do under the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT).

However, the NPT does not explicitly cite a "right" to enrich uranium, and how the US and other powers resolve this dispute has implications beyond Iran.

Keeping Iran's  nuclear infrastructure and uranium enrichment generally intact will render the NPT ineffectual and irrelevant.

Moreover, the legitimacy of the interim nuclear deal is disputable because for the first time the West has allowed Iran to develop nuclear weapons.  

Iran "will continue enriching uranium on its soil, to use in power plants and for other civilian purposes" and there's nothing in the agreement what the world powers will do if Iran breach the deal.

To top it all, the controversial agreement in exchange for a "promise" by Iran to halt nuclear activities while it continue to enrich uranium is illogical and unlawful .

Israel, Saudi Arabia and Congress believes that the interim agreement failed to "roll back the entirety of Iran's infrastructure and their advancements in the pursuit of nuclear weapons." Despite this, Obama "urges a skeptical Congress to hold off on sanctions".

However, the interim deal between world powers and Iran had a sense of deja vu about it - what happened with North Korea in 1994 is ominously similar to Tehran's diplomatic "charm offensive".

At that time, President Bill Clinton's pact to stop North Korea's nuclear program has blinded American diplomats to the true nature of their negotiating partners.

We all know how this story played out. North Korea lied, cheated, and stalled for time, all the while using the economic windfall from the US finance its nuclear program until it was ready to test a weapon in 2006.

Obama has failed miserably to fully grasp Iran's true intentions and have been fascinated by Iranian promises with the end in view for achieving a "historic" nuclear breakthrough for himself, at the expense of Israel.

When Obama took office in 2009, the Iranians had about 2,000 centrifuges and they had about 2,000 kilograms of enriched uranium, enough to make one bomb.

Today, Iran has more than18,000 centrifuges at its disposal [nuclear-armed Pakistan has only 6,000] and can “break out” with a bomb in five weeks.

The bottom line is this: the interim nuclear deal has violated UN Security Council resolutions by allowing Iran to continue enriching uranium.

Israel cannot afford to wait  for Iran to become another North Korea.  It is important to understand that a comprehensive solution to Iran's nuclear program is possible only if the world powers will adhere to the implementation of UN Security Council resolutions "that ordered the Islamic Republic to abandon all enrichment and reprocessing activities".

Furthermore, it is necessary to restore UN credibility by reclaiming the moral high ground, setting aside their own countries' vested interests and animosities for the sake of sustainable and credible decisions.

Other than that, the UN becomes an irrelevant and complicit ipso facto purveyor of all Iranian subversion and intimidation in the Middle East. As George Santayana said, "Those that fail to learn from history, are doomed to repeat it".

The writer was clinical research-physician-general surgeon for Saudi Arabian, Philippine and American healthcare systems and is currently an American freelance writer as well as op-ed contributor.