Judaism: The Shmuz on Yitro
Rabbi BenZion ShafierThe author taught in the Chofetz Chaim Yeshiva branch in Monsey, New York, where he resides. He is the director of theshmuz.com, and his book, Stop Surviving Start Living, is available thru the website or at Jewish bookstores.
"And Yitro heard what G-d had done for Moses and Israel."
With these words, the Torah explains what motivated Yisro to join the Jewish people. He heard all of the great miracles that G-d did: the ten plagues, the splitting of the sea… all done for Moses and Israel.
Rashi makes an observation on this verse. The Torah seems to equate Moses to the entire Jewish people with the words “that which G-d did for Moses and Israel.” This implies that all of the stupendous events of the exodus had been brought for these two equals: Moses and the entire Jewish nation.
Rashi explains that not only is this correct, it is precisely what the Torah is teaching us. Moses really was the equivalent to the entire nation.
How Can One Human Being Equal a Nation?
The problem with this Rashi is that it doesn’t seem possible that one human being could equal an entire nation. At this time, the Jewish people consisted of approximately three million men, women, and children, including many elders and righteous individuals. As great as Moses may have been, how is it possible that one person could be the equivalent of so many?
The answer lies in understanding the difference between physical and spiritual growth.
On a physical plane, the human is capable of extraordinary accomplishments. An Olympic athlete can take a bar weighing over 500 pounds and in one smooth movement lift it over his head – an act that seems beyond human capacity. Yet this athlete didn’t start out lifting stupendous amounts. He began just like anyone else, and through a program of progressive weight training, he changed his physicality. By systematically challenging his body, he developed astonishing strength.
But that growth is limited. As strong as the weight lifter may be, he is still made of flesh and blood. He can’t bench press a freight train or pick up a house. And if he was hit by a truck, he would end up much like you and I would. While he may have changed his muscularity and body mass index, his growth remains within the bounds of physical limitations.
Spiritual growth, on the other hand, is far more expansive and almost limitless. To better understand this, it may be helpful to focus on understanding who we are.
The “I” that tells my fingers to move, my tongue to speak, and my legs to walk is a spiritual entity. I was once sitting under G-d’s throne up in Heaven and have now been temporarily put into this heavy cloak of physicality. In the near future, I will once again separate from this body, and in whatever state of perfection that I have reached at that point, I will live on forever.
G-d custom-designed this world and our current existence specifically so that we can grow. We were given all the challenges and tools needed to shape ourselves into powerful spiritual entities that can tower over the greatest celestial beings.
The difficulty that we have in understanding our potential is because we think in physical terms and try to apply them to the spiritual realm. However, spirituality has a very different set of rules. If we were to borrow an analogy from the physical world, it would work something like this.
If Physical Growth Were Without Limits
Imagine that G-d created a world solely so that man could become as physically big and as strong as possible. In this world, rather than his growth being slow and incremental, it happens almost instantly and without limits.
Our prototypical man shows up to the gym on Day One weighing 150 lbs. He puts 100 lbs. on the bar and starts lifting. Because the work that he puts in brings about results, he grows. The next day, he shows up to the gym weighing 200 lbs. of solid muscle. He now puts 300 lbs on the bar and starts lifting – easy as pie. And this work also brings about results, so the next day he walks into the gym weighing 250 lbs. and can easily lift 400 lbs.
The startling part is that the growth is exponential. Because each day he is bigger and stronger than the day before, he can now do more work, which itself challenges his body to a greater extent, and thereby causes increased growth. Because the increased growth builds on growth, within a short time he will be a towering hulk, able to accomplish physical feats that are beyond our comprehension.
Moses Was Unique
This seems to be the answer to Moses. He was created with a unique soul, and he used his potential fully. From his first moments of understanding, he devoted himself to the service of G-d. As a result, he grew. That growth was compounded exponentially; level after level, until he became so huge that he alone equaled an entire generation of people. Something that is impossible in the physical world can be realized in the realm of the soul.
The Application to Us
This concept is very relevant to our lives. We were created with almost unlimited potential to grow, to change our inner essence. And that growth is something that we enjoy for eternity. When a person focuses on his true potential, life itself takes on a whole different dimension. Every moment is a precious opportunity to reach levels and acquire riches that will last forever.