Paraguayan President Horacio Cartes with Netanyahu
Paraguayan President Horacio Cartes with NetanyahuKobi Gideon/GPO

President Horacio Cartes, the first Paraguayan head of state to visit Israel, told Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu that his South American nation also faced a Holocaust.

“Paraguay has had a Holocaust. We lost practically all our population in a war that was called the Triple Alliance with our neighbor. But I don’t want to be the country to be remembered because we had the Holocaust. I want our countries to be much closer because we share principles and values,” Cartes said during a meeting with Prime Minister Netanyahu, referring to the South American war fought from 1864 to 1870 between Paraguay and the Triple Alliance of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. There were some 400,000 casualties in that war.

The South American leader on Wednesday completed a three-day trip to Israel, where he met with high-level officials. The leaders signed bilateral agreements on cooperation in time of emergency, legal matters, education, Holocaust remembrance, and culture, as well as a Memorandum of Understanding on technical development assistance for Paraguay.

“You have been an anchor of friendship. And we are eager to discuss with you the possibilities of increasing our cooperation with all the countries of Latin America, which we think is a continent that has a great future,” Netanyahu said.

“We want to develop the future of our relations and through you, and with your help, the future of a broader relationship between Israel and the region,” he added.

On Monday, Cartes met Israeli President Reuven Rivlin.

“This is an historic visit, the first visit of a president of Paraguay here in Israel. Paraguay was and still is a true friend of the State of Israel since its establishment and even beforehand when it voted for it on Nov. 29, 1947,” said Rivlin.

“We are happy to strengthen the ties between the two countries and I hope that your visit here will further improve the good relations,” he added.

The visit came in the wake of the reopening of the Israeli Embassy in Paraguay about a year ago, after a 14-year hiatus due to budgetary cuts. Paraguay has distinguished itself among South American countries by supporting Israel in the United Nations and other international forums.

At the World Jewish Congress special plenary assembly in Buenos Aires in March, Cartes was awarded the Shalom Prize of the Latin American Jewish Congress for his contributions to building coexistence.

Paraguay is home to some 1,000 Jews in a population of nearly 6.7 million people.