Historians at the Auschwitz memorial and high school officials in central Poland are trying to determine how a list of 15 Polish and Jewish inmates of the Nazi death camp made it into a school library book, The Associated Press (AP) reported.
A typewritten page, stained, with edges burnt was found last month inside a 1923 Polish book on the history of warfare, during a library stock-taking at the 2nd Lyceum in Lodz, some 200 kilometers (120 miles) from the former camp, according to the report.
"We have no idea how or when it came to be in this book," school director Jadwiga Ochocka told AP.
Auschwitz museum spokesman Pawel Sawicki told the news agency on Wednesday that historians have no doubt it is authentic, but will still submit it to tests to confirm that.
He added the find is the more precious for the fact that the Nazis burned most of Auschwitz archives when they were readying to evacuate the camp in January 1945.
"The burn marks suggest it was there to the end and was planned for burning," Sawicki told AP.
Dated May 21, 1941 the list bears the names of inmates brought to Auschwitz that day from Lodz, Poznan and Katowice. The same names are on a longer list, of 28 inmates brought in that day, which is held in the museum's archives.
According to historians, eight of the inmates on the list died in Auschwitz. Two Poles survived the war but have since died. The fate of five, including a Polish Jew and a German, remains unknown.
Between 1940 and 1945, about 1.1 million people, mainly Jews but also Poles, Roma and other nationals, were killed in gas chambers or died from forced labor, hunger and disease in the camp operated by Nazi Germans.