What You Need To Know
Best therapies for autism

Autism spectrum disorder, known as autism or ASD, covers a broad spectrum of disorders

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Occupational therapy session
Occupational therapy session
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Autism spectrum disorder, known as autism or ASD, covers a broad spectrum of disorders, which usually have an impact on ways a person socializes, communicates, or interacts with others. Not every person who has autism requires therapy, but those with intense symptoms can benefit from support, and to know more about this, click here.

Although there is no 100% cure for autism, various treatment approaches have been found useful in alleviating the intensity of the symptoms in some individuals. If you suspect your child has autism then, following diagnosis, you might wish to try one of the following therapy options:

Applied behavioral analysis

Also known as ABA, this is a widely used technique applicable to both children and adults. ABA focuses on behavior and involves a list of approaches in which positive behavior from a person is appreciated with rewards. There are a range of ABA techniques, including:

Discrete trial training

In this approach, you will have to design a step-by-step learning procedure. All the positive behaviors and answers will be rewarded; however, negative responses are not dealt with in any way

Intensive behavioral intervention

This technique applies to children during their early years, specifically below the age of five, under a therapist's supervision. The aim of this process is to improve communication and to prevent aggression

Verbal human intervention

This works best for individuals who are not verbally communicating with anyone even if a reward is involved. A therapist will work one-to-one with those individuals and help them understand the need for verbal communication in everyday life

Pivotal response treatment

Children and teens with autism can benefit from this therapy by learning to manage themselves in an external environment

Social skills training

Some people with autism find it difficult to interact with other people. Over time, a lack of social skills might make their lives more difficult. Social skills training, or SST, is a method which children and, in some cases adults, can pursue to develop social skills. For example, in SST, individuals learn how to better understand humor and lead conversations.

Cognitive behavior therapy

Some people with autism might display aggression or negative behavior, often as a consequence of struggling to express how they feel. CBT is a talk therapy where individuals are supported to realize the links between feelings and behaviors. It can help identify the causes of certain behaviors. Additionally, CBT can help people learn to control their behaviors and outbursts through using coping mechanisms.

Therapeutic horseback riding

As you might have guessed from the name, this is a physical training method, and it is often referred to as ' hippotherapy.' Some people with autism display over-activeness and irritability. To help them, a horse riding session is arranged under a therapist's supervision, and parental guidance is also recommended. While riding, individuals learn how to tune in with the movements of the horse. This technique has produced some remarkable results by encouraging the development of communication and social skills.

Occupational therapy

OT is designed to assist children and adults with developing skills for conducting their daily activities. For example, children are taught basic self-caring techniques and handwriting skills so they can attend their classes regularly. Meanwhile, OT can help guide adults to live independently, and gain a better grasp of cooking, cleaning, and managing their finances.

Sensory integration therapy

Some people with autism might react aggressively or become overwhelmed when triggered by sensory stimuli such as sound, lights, and touch. This is often because some of their senses become inflated, and they have trouble managing it. In SIT, a therapist encourages the people to turn to their favorite activities and interests, such as drawing and playing, to prevent sensory inputs.

Medication

Although there are no medicines specifically designed to cure the symptoms of autism, some medication might come in handy in certain situations. For instance, antipsychotics might be prescribed if self-harming tendencies are noticed, and antidepressants might be useful in extreme anxiety attacks. Always seek the advice of your doctor before considering medication.

Although other treatments are also available, there is not enough scientific evidence to prove their effectiveness, so it is best not to practice those without a doctor’s recommendation. Right from the beginning, it is essential to find the right medical practitioner, who will guide your loved one and offer support through the stages of self-development.



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