UNESCO Considers PA Site for World Heritage List

UNESCO, which has accepted 'Palestine' as a member, to consider Bethlehem's Church of the Nativity for inclusion on its world heritage list.

Elad Benari ,

Israel news photo: Flash 90

The UN’s cultural agency, UNESCO, said on Monday it will, for the first time, consider a Palestinian Authority site for its World Heritage List.

In a statement quoted by AFP, UNESCO said that its World Heritage Committee will consider Bethlehem's Church of the Nativity for inclusion on the list during its next meeting, from June 24 to July 6, in Saint Petersburg.

The statement said that “Palestine, which became a member of UNESCO in October 2011 and subsequently ratified the World Heritage Convention, will be presenting its first site for inscription on the World Heritage List.”

It added that the full site to be listed would be the “Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem.”

In a controversial decision, UNESCO accepted the PA as a member last October, after 107 members voted in favor of the motion. Only 14 nations voted against the PA, including the United States, Canada, Germany and Israel.

The move prompted the United States to cut off funding to the organization, due to a longstanding law that prohibits U.S. support for any United Nations-affiliated body that accepts Palestinian Authority membership.

Canada subsequently also cut off some of its funding to UNESCO. The organization was later forced to temporarily suspend new welfare programs in third world countries due to the large hole in its budget created by the loss of U.S. funds, so that much suffering of those whom UNESCO is intended to benefit was caused by the move..

The agency recently claimed that the Matriarch Rachel’s Tomb and the Tomb of the Patriarchs [Me'arat Hamachpela, the Patriarch's Cave] are not exclusively Jewish sites and also belong to Christians and Muslims. 

UNESCO director Irina Bokova accepted the view of UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process, Robert Serry, who warned that Israel’s inclusion of the two Biblical Jewish sites could harm the moribund peace process. 

Bokova did not explain the supposed Christian and Muslim connection with Rachel's Tomb. Palestinian Authority Muslim clerics have suddenly claimed in the past two years that Rachel’s Tomb actually was a Muslim site thousands of years ago, even though Islam was only founded 1,500 years ago. Rachel lived over 3,000 years ago and the Bible says that she was buried at Bethlehem on the roadside, after dying in childbirth. Jews mourned the Temple's destruction at her tomb on their way to exile in Babylon in 586 B.C.E.