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The up-and-coming Chabad website helps you to sellchametz online

It is a common Jewish-Israeli custom to sell chametz products to a Goi (non-Jew) before Passover to avoid violating the prohibition of chametz‎ during the holiday. Chabad's Passover website simplifies the process of selling chametz online.

Chabad introduces a new website for selling chametz online, aiming to encourage as many Jews as possible to sell chametz in accordance with the Halacha‏.‏

Currently, the website is functional in three languages: Hebrew, English, and French‎.‎

It is important to note that selling chametz is an actual action according to Jewish law. In this process, a rabbi is appointed as our representative to sell the chametz in the house to a non-Jew, thus avoiding violating the prohibition of owning chametz during Passover.

The website address in the Hebrew version: www.hametz.co.il

A contractor guarantor is required so that the sale of chametz will be organized‎ ‎elegantly‎ by Jewish law.

It should be noted that there is a difference between selling chametz in a regular way and selling it according to Chabad's custom, which involves a contractor guarantor.‎

Now, let's elaborate on the differences.

Regular Chametz Sale

Sellers appoint the community rabbi to be their agent, authorized to sell the chametz in their homes.

Before the holiday, the rabbi meets with the non-Jew and signs an agreement with him in which he purchases all the chametz of all the Jews for a considerable amount. The non-Jew pays a part of the sum in advance, and the remainder is left as a debt to be paid after Passover.

After Passover, instead of paying the remaining debt, the non-Jew returns the chametz to the sellers, thus avoiding the need to pay the debt.

What is the issue with the regular sale of chametz?‎

We have regulations, as stated in the Shulchan Aruch Choshen Mishpat, when one sells his field to his fellow, the buyer doesn't pay immediately but leaves a debt. There is a concern that the customer might not have enough money. This situation is described in the Talmud as ‎"the seller Ayil V’Nafik Azuzi".‎ In some halachic approaches, the act of acquisition is not executed, and the sale does not take effect.

The same concern arises in the sale of chametz, as there is a fear that the non-Jew may not pay, causing doubt about the sale.

Sale of Chametz through a contractor guarantor

As stated in the Tanya and by the author of the Shulchan Aruch, Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi, one is commanded to introduce a contractor guarantor who will serve as a guarantor for the non-Jew's debt to the Jewish sellers.

The difference between a classic guarantor and a contractor guarantor:

A classic guarantor is responsible for paying off the debt in case the non-Jew does not pay, but he does not enter into the shoes of the buyer.

A contractor guarantor, on the other hand, receives the responsibility of paying the debt from the beginning, meaning he does enter into the shoes of the buyer.

In this way, the non-Jew who buys the chametz is not left with a debt to the sellers because he has made an advance payment. Regarding the remaining debt, the non-Jew provides the sellers with a guarantee, so from his perspective, he completes the entire payment. Now, the debt is not connected to him but to the Jew who took upon himself the guarantee.

Advantages of a contractor guarantor

Selling chametz with a contractor guarantor imparts legal strength and validity, avoiding the problematic situation of "Ayil V’Nafik Azuzi”

Conducting the sale of chametz in this manner is more meticulous.

The practice among Chabad

Chabad places emphasis on selling chametz through a contractor guarantor.

In recent years, with technological advancements, many organizations advertise the option to perform chametz sales online. While not all of them are affiliated with Chabad, some have adopted the teachings of the Rebbe and insist on using a contractor guarantor.

Can Chametz be sold?

According to Chabad's method, the sale is genuinely Torah-compliant, allowing for the sale of chametz without any hesitation, This contrasts with certain other approaches within the Jewish community that are cautious about selling fully leavened chametz to non-Jews, After Passover, special care is taken to obtain chametz from flour ground after Passover.

Sale of Chametz Utensils

In the Chabad approach, one can include chametz utensils in the sale, eliminating the need to immerse them after Passover since non-Jews wouldn't have used them.

Donation of Kimcha D'Pischa together with the sale of the chametz

Although the sale of chametz on the website does not involve payment, it is an ancient Jewish custom to make a donation during the chametz sale. On Chabad's chametz sale website, one can contribute flour as support for needy families.