The hijackers - Izzadin Hammrah, 26, a legal advisor to PA special forces, and Abed el-Rahman Mukdad, 28, responsible for PA communications - were going to coordinate their actions via cellular telephones. In that way, if one of them was eliminated by Israeli sniper fire, the second hijacker would have the opportunity to detonate his bomb vest and kill the bus passengers.
The terrorists planned to conduct negotiations towards the release of terrorists from Israeli prisons in exchange for the hostages, the bus passengers. The hijackers were going to board crowded buses and show the driver their bomb vests, compelling him to abide by their instructions. One of the buses was to have been overtaken between Efrat and Jerusalem, in proximity to Bethlehem.