World Welcomes New 'Moderate' Iranian President
World powers have offered a cautious welcome to Hassan Rowhani, considered to be a “moderate”, after he was declared Iran's new president on Saturday, AFP reports.
The 64-year-old's election ends eight years of conservative grip on the top office in conservative Iran, and he used his first statement after the win was confirmed to announce a "new opportunity" for the West to treat the Islamic Republic with respect and to recognize its rights.
The United States said it was prepared to engage Iran directly over its disputed nuclear program.
The White House said such engagement would be aimed at reaching a "diplomatic solution that will fully address the international community's concerns about Iran's nuclear program," according to AFP.
It criticized lack of transparency, censorship of the media, the Internet and text messages during the vote, along with an "intimidating security environment that limited freedom of expression and assembly."
The West suspects the program is aimed at building nuclear weapons, but Iran insists it is for peaceful purposes like generating energy.
Rowhani has previously vowed to restore diplomatic ties with the U.S., which cut relations in the aftermath of the 1979 seizure of the U.S. embassy by Islamist students.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urged Iran to play a "constructive role" in regional and international affairs, his office said in a message congratulating Rowhani and welcoming the reported high turnout.
Ban "intends to remain engaged with the Iranian authorities and with the president-elect on issues of importance to the international community and the welfare of the Iranian people," his office said in a message congratulating Rowhani and quoted by AFP.
EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton said she was committed to working with Rowhani to find a "swift diplomatic solution" on finding a solution to the disputed nuclear program.
Ashton serves as chief negotiator for the six world powers seeking to check Iran's controversial nuclear ambitions.
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said Paris was "ready to work" with Rowhani, and said the country's nuclear program and its involvement in the Syrian conflict would be high on the agenda.
Britain urged Rowhani to set the Islamic Republic "on a different course," while German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle welcomed Rowhani's election as a vote for reforms and "a constructive foreign policy."
"We hope that the country's new administration collaborates in this sense in order to reach solutions on international and regional questions," Westerwelle said, according to AFP.
Italian Foreign Minister Emma Bonino said Italy hoped to launch a "relationship of renewed comprehension and constructive dialogue" with Iran after the election of its new president.
The key opposition Syrian National Coalition called on Rowhani to review support for Syria's President Bashar al-Assad.
Rowhani was the country’s former nuclear negotiator under the former president Mohammad Khatami and also served as top security official under former moderate president, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, who endorsed Rowhani’s candidacy after he was barred from running himself.
Rowhani recently accused his predecessor Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of needlessly incurring crippling economic sanctions.
Israel issued an unusually blunt reaction to the election of Iran's new president on Saturday by saying it was supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei who decides on nuclear policy, not the president.
"Iran's nuclear program has so far been determined by Khamenei, and not by Iran's president," the foreign ministry said.
"After the election, Iran will continue to be judged by its acts, in the nuclear field as well as that of terrorism," the statement said.